AL JANOUB WORLD CUP STADIUM
Location: Al Wakrah, Qatar
Architect: Zaha Hadid Architects
Field Size: 105m X 68m
Total Area: 585,000 sq.mt.
INTRODUCTION: AL JANOUB WORLD CUP STADIUM
Al Janoub Stadium, also known as Al Wakrah Stadium is a football stadium, inaugurated on 16th May 2019. The stadium designed by the Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid with the firm AECOM.
Earlier Qatar did not have the sporting capability to conduct the Cup. But for the year 2022, it had finally chosen to host the FIFA World Cup. Moreover, Qatar would become the first Muslim-majority country in the Middle East to host the football World Cup. Around 8 stadiums built to prepare for the World Cup. The stadium has 40,000 seating capacity, which after the 2022 FIFA World Cup will be reduced to half i.e. 20,000 seats. Later, the stadium will be used for Qatar Stars League matches.
CONCEPT: AL JANOUB WORLD CUP STADIUM
The concept is based on the dhow boat, an Arabian pearl fishing boat, which has a great cultural significance in Qatar. The client asked for the design to reflect the maritime traditions and the history of the location. Therefore, the concept is on the boat dhow. The stadium’s roof reflects the upside-down dhow, to provide the shade and shelter.
Zaha Hadid Architects states that “The stadium was designed in conjunction with a new precinct so that it sits at the heart of an urban extension of the city, creating community-based activities in and around the stadium on non-event days.”
DESIGN: AL JANOUB WORLD CUP STADIUM
The design of the 2022 FIFA World Cup Stadium focuses entirely on the roof. The roof is in two symmetrical halves, with the axis which roughly orients North to South. The symmetrical organic forms around the central opening inspired by the Qatar ornamental geometric patterns and Qatari calligraphy. Also, the roof is retractable, with roof arches being 230 meters long. The ceiling structure resembles the skeleton of a traditional dhow hull made from Engineered timber.
The stadium is above a landscaped-podium, that takes visitors from the grade to the main entry-level, present in the middle of the seating bowl’s tier. The podium reduces the scale of the stadium by connecting it to the adjacent landscape. There are various large parabolic voids within the podium, that signifies different activity areas. The majority of spectators arrive and depart, from the Eastern voids of the podium. Community Market will have included on the North-eastern void, whereas on the south-eastern void, an activity park. The vehicle access and drop-off at grade for players, dignitaries, and officials will be from the western parabolic void.
PASSIVE AND INNOVATIVE DESIGNING:
The design above all primarily focuses on providing comfort to the players and the spectators. This achieves the use of passive design techniques. This lowers the effect of the hot and arid climate of Qatar. In other words, by installing innovative shading technologies, and airflow delivery systems, the temperature reduces, which prevents the stadium from overheating. It reduces the temperature of the spectator’s area to 18°C and the field of play to 20°C.
The roof of the stadium made by using the pleated PTFE fabric and cables. The timber and other traditional materials used help in reducing the embodied carbon of the structure. In addition, strips of metal cladding in the large overhang of the stadium’s eaves.
In conclusion, the stadium will sit in the center of the legacy precincts and will serve as the future home to the Al Waqrah Sports Complex.