Villa Savoye, a brilliant example of Le Corbusier’s 5 points of architecture. Situated in Poissy, around 33 Km away from Paris, designed by Le Corbusier and launched in 1928.
He wrote the book Vers Une Architecture while designing Villa Savoye. For the other architects to understand about modern architecture, he mentioned the principles he used in Villa Savoye. The use of technology and modern design together influenced the design by making it simple yet aesthetic.
The famous stating by Le Corbusier, “a house is a machine for living”, simply has been translated into the design of Villa Savoye. This project helped Le Corbusier in gaining popularity.
VILLA SAVOYE FACTS :
- It became the first modernist building as a historical monument in France in 1965.
- The villa first got occupied by the Germans, and then by the Americans, during World War II.
- Many cultural events are hosted in Villa Savoye as it is opened to the public.
- Le Corbusier somehow managed to prevent the building from getting destroyed.
Villa Savoye uses multiple primary forms as part of its design. The house highlights a beautiful composition of the cylinder and rectangular masses.
VILLA SAVOYE CONCEPT:
- The style concentrated on the prevailing tendency of creating the building as a block and decorating the outside enclosure with ornaments.
- The new style took away the original views of the building.
- The style used in Villa Savoye represents the machine age.
- It became possible with the new construction techniques based on concrete, steel, and industrial glazing to build its hovering planes and the interaction of the solid concrete and steel with the lighter glass.
The 5 points of architecture
- PILOTIS: The building has been raised on circular shaped pillars. At a height of 3 to 6 meters above the existing grade, a simple grid of 4.75m has been carried through the elevational composition. The rooms receive a good amount of light and air, preventing it from dampness. There are no primary rooms on the ground level except the bedrooms which are for the servants.
- FLAT ROOF TERRACE: The roof garden is provided on the upper floor of Villa Savoye.
- FREE FLOOR PLAN: The structural grid opposes the load-bearing walls. This allowed in placing the walls freely.
- HORIZONTAL WINDOWS: The use of horizontal windows at Villa Savoye is clear. This does several things. First, it makes the walls non-structural. Secondly, the ‘new’ and ‘modern’ architecture styles are enhanced. Lastly, a direct connection and association with the horizon are created. The man-made structure blends the natural surroundings and the horizon perfectly.
- FREE FAÇADE: the free design of the façade is a point that seems somewhat gratuitous, serves as the skin of the building. The idea of the non- structural aspects of the horizontal window is repeated.
Extreme spatial dynamism is incorporated into the design: meaning the walls bulge and curve to push and pull at the spaces and entice the occupants from one room to the next. Le Corbusier provided the ramp which connects all the floors.
VILLA SAVOYE FLOOR PLANS :
GROUND FLOOR PLAN :
The ground floor consists of :
- Keeper and General Zone
- Spiral Staircase Zone
- Entrance area
FIRST FLOOR PLAN :
- Living Room: The living room is around a communal, outdoor terraced. It is separated from the living area by a sliding glass wall.
- Kitchen: In the kitchen, the cabinets efficiently slide open on either side. The kitchen is all utilitarian white.
- Terrace: A flat terrace reclaims the area of the building site for domestic purposes, including a garden area.
- Dining, Reception, and Living Zone: In the sunroom (dining room), for instance, the large windows have been provided
- Master bed: The master bedroom contains its master bath in the same space. While it has an office room on its side.
SECOND FLOOR PLAN :
- Open area: In the top floor of Villa Savoye consists of two ways to get it to the first floor, first, by the main ramp that connects all part of the villa and second, by the spiral stair, the curve wall gives the villa other touches from straight walls to curve.
- The Ramp: The walls bulge and curve to push and pull at the spaces and entice the occupants from one room to the next. Views of the landscape are framed to draw the eye into the frame and beyond. Le Corbusier uses ramps to speed one from floor to floor.
The building is still one of the best examples of modern architecture of the earlier 1900s.
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